13:00 | 17/12/2020 Environment
(VEN) - Over a decade since Vietnam launched an ambitious restructuring plan for its rural areas, environmental protection and solid waste collection and treatment in the southeastern region and the Mekong Delta have seen positive changes.
|The “Together with farmers protecting the environment” program helps raise farmers’ awareness of the importance of environmental protection|
The southeastern region is leading the country in solid waste collection rate and treatment technology. In Dong Nai Province, for example, about 1,838 tonnes of domestic solid waste - 98 percent of the total - is collected and treated daily. This is the highest rate in the country, while only 43 percent of domestic solid waste is buried, reaching the lowest rate in the country. In neighboring Binh Duong Province, nearly 96 percent of about 1,600 tonnes of domestic solid waste generated daily is collected and transported to the Nam Binh Duong solid waste treatment plant.
Many provinces have also implemented domestic waste classification models, yielding practical effects, such as taking full advantage of organic waste for agricultural production, and significantly reducing the total amount of waste for treatment or burial. A typical example is the organic recovery model for processing waste into compost at the Hue Phuong Green Environment Company in Tay Ninh Province. Currently, six Mekong Delta facilities use composting technology with a capacity of 60-200 tonnes per day in Vinh Long, Tra Vinh, Bac Lieu, Ca Mau, Kien Giang and Dong Thap districts.
Collection of packaging used for plant protection chemicals is also one of the bright spots in the environmental protection campaign in the southeastern region and the Mekong Delta. A program entitled “Together with farmers protecting the environment” has been implemented in 22 provinces. In the first five years of phase I (2012 - 2017), the program has raised awareness of environmental protection, guiding farmers from safe and effective use of agricultural chemicals to destruction of their packaging. Some areas have adopted models of rice fields with flower banks reducing the use of pesticides and enhancing the landscape.
The number of participants in the program’s phase II (2017-2022) grew from 18 to 50 units. Since its launch, the program has not only trained 531 lecturers, organized 16,366 seminars attended by 658,585 farmers and coached 4,900 students from Da Lat, Tien Giang, Cuu Long, Dong Thap, An Giang and Can Tho universities. It has also built 167 models in 22 provinces for cultivation of rice, asparagus, dragon fruit, green-skinned grapefruit, mango, longan and custard apple, and guided farmers in safe production. The program has also created a connection between agricultural import-export companies and local cooperative groups and cooperatives.
From 2012 to 2019, with the direct participation of 7,713 farming households in the southeastern region and the
Mekong Delta, about 12,260kg of packaging of plant protection chemicals were collected and transported to factories
for safe destruction.