Vietnam to crack down on polluting enterprises

13:00 | 22/04/2021 Environment

(VEN) - The National Target Program on Environmental Protection calls for all serious violations of environmental protection laws to be addressed by 2025 in order to curb air pollution in urban areas and treat 90 percent of urban domestic solid waste.

vietnam to crack down on polluting enterprises
Environmental pollution must be controlled

The program will also ensure that all industrial parks and export processing zones have centralized wastewater treatment systems, and that 30 percent of grade II or higher wastewater in urban areas is collected and treated according to technical regulations and standards before being discharged into the environment.

In order to achieve these goals, the prime minister recently launched the one-billion-tree planting program to increase the country’s forest cover. He also instructed national and local authorities to prevent and control pollution and negative impacts on the environment, to speed up enforcement against establishments causing serious environmental pollution, and to relocate polluting production and business establishments out of urban and residential areas.

vietnam to crack down on polluting enterprises

More parks and recycling

The prime minister also called on national and local authorities to ensure the effective implementation of the National Action Program on Sustainable Consumption and Production for the 2021-2030 decade, develop and implement national and local air quality management plans, invest in building air quality monitoring systems, expand green and park areas in urban residential areas, complete the regulations placing responsibility on manufacturers and distributors for recovery and recycling of discarded products.

Other goals in the action plan include developing a market for recycled products, improving the capacity to respond to environmental incidents, restore the environment during and after mining, overcome environmental pollution in the sea, coastal areas and islands, especially in urban areas, industrial zones, coastal economic zones, tourist resorts, beaches, and aquaculture zones. The plan also calls for solutions to protect, restore and regenerate natural forests, stop conversion of natural forest land use and increase forest allocation to communities. Plantation of watershed forests in river basins, mangrove forests, and coastal protection forests are also advised.

The action plan also emphasizes the need for regulations on environmental criteria for development investment, and deals with environmental zoning to manage the quality of natural habitats and landscape. It points to the need to complete regulations on plastic waste management oriented toward limiting production, import and use of products containing microplastics, implement the national action plan on ocean plastic waste management to 2030, and review and complete the system of environmental technical regulations towards integration and improvement of environmental quality. Last but not least, it calls for strict control and prevention of illegal transportation of waste, outdated technologies and vehicles and equipment into the country.

In order to improve environmental quality and living standards, a government action plan sets out a series of projects to protect, restore, renovate and supplement land and water surfaces in urban residential areas, as well as treatment of environmental pollution caused by pesticides and fertilizers. It also foresees investigation and assessment of environmental rehabilitation and restoration in areas contaminated by toxic chemicals, including dioxin.

Thu Huong