16:03 | 16/10/2013 Economy- Society
(VEN) - It is expected that by 2015, the Law on Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) will be adopted. But right now, Vietnam has been working hard to ensure OHS performance and reduce occupational accidents.
Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs Delegation visits the International Section on Prevention of Occupational Risks in the Mining Industry Worldwide (ISSA Mining)’s mine emergency center in South Africa
According to Director of the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs’ Labor Safety Department Ha Tat Thang, during the 2011-2015 period, the government is to spend VND700 billion on OHS activities, aiming to reduce annual fatal occupational accidents by 5 percent, occupational diseases by 10 percent, and about 80 percent of employees receiving medical examination.
The government is promoting the National OSH Program for the 2011-2015 period with many exciting activities including the National Week on OSH and fire prevention. OHS activities of international cooperation continue to expand, involving international organizations such as The International Labor Organization, World Health Organization, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank.
OSH activities have received the support of the senior professionals and hundreds of billion dong via OHS projects. For example, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs and the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) signed a memorandum of cooperation in implementation of a project to raise the capacity for OHS training centers with total expenditure made in three years since 2013 of about US$10 million (in which, the KOICA pledged to support US$3.4 million).
In particular, the system of OSH legislation continues to be studied, supplemented and modified to fit the new situation. "It is expected that by mid-2015, the OHS Act will be passed. When this law put in place, it will help solve the current limitations in the implementation of OHS regulations and issues with OHS mechanisms and policies, while strengthening OHS organization and inspection. In addition, it will create a legal framework for OHS sanctions strong enough to prevent violations of OHS regulations,” Thang said.
Vietnam also focuses on the implementation of occupational accident insurance and occupational diseases to ensure workers will receive stable treatment for rehabilitation and working ability. According to Vietnam Social Security, from 1995 to 2012, the agency already settled 93,000 cases of occupational accidents and occupational diseases and its annual average disbursement of allowances for accidents and occupational diseases reached VND430 billion.
Hea Lee Joon, an expert of Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA), said “To further reduce the number of occupational accidents, Vietnam should better forecast occupational accidents and occupational diseases in the coming years and improve working conditions. In addition, OSH training centers should also be improved in terms of training quality and equipment. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs ought to identify OHS training methods, subjects, and centers clearly in the near future.”./.
By Quynh Nga