10:15 | 22/05/2019 Industry
(VEN) - Industrial parks (IPs) in Vietnam play an important role in attracting foreign investment, promoting export growth, increasing gross domestic product (GDP) and employment development. However, Vietnam needs specific policies to develop IPs into ecological industrial parks (EIPs) to reach sustainable development.
Ecological industrial parks are recognized increasingly as an effective model that can help IPs develop on a sustainable basis with decreasing consumption of natural resources.
According to Tuong Anh, representative of the organization for construction of technical guidelines for EIPs in Vietnam, environmental management and natural resources efficiency, cleaner production and green infrastructure are the core values of an EIP. Successful EIPs are found in many countries including China, the Republic of Korea (RoK), Japan, the US, Australia, and European countries, Anh said.
In 2018, the government issued Decree 82/2018/ND-CP to facilitate EIP development and help Vietnam’s implementation of its green growth strategy.
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) worked with the Ministry of Planning and Investment to construct technical guidelines for EIPs in Vietnam, which introduce ecological opportunities and solutions for industrial parks in Vietnam. Opportunities related to waste exchange and recycling are environmentally efficient solutions as well as new business opportunities.
According to Tuong Anh, when an industrial zone has its wastewater recycled for reuse, it can reduce up to 40 percent of wastewater discharged into the environment and decrease the cost of clean water considerably. Using waste heat to produce hot water and steam for factories in industrial parks helps reduce fuel consumption by 20-40 percent. Ecological industrial parks promote sustainable development.
The Ministry of Planning and Investment kicked of a pilot project to experiment with the ecological industrial park model in three IPs in the northern province of Ninh Binh, the central coastal city of Da Nang and the Mekong Delta city of Can Tho four years ago. Seventy-two enterprises participating in this program have applied Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) solutions to save VND75 billion annually by reducing electricity consumption by 17.8 million kWh, water consumption by 429,000 cubic meters and a significant amount of other raw materials and fuels. For example, hot smoke from steel production plants can be reused for cloth ironing in textile enterprises.