09:57 | 29/12/2017 Economy- Society
(VEN) - Vietnam and the International Labor Organization (ILO) signed an agreement on December 5 on a cooperation program for sustainable employment in the 2017-2021 period.
|With women and rural area residents representing over 60 percent of the country’s workforce, Vietnam is facing many challenges in sustainable employment development|
Vietnam faces many challenges in ensuring sustainable employment. The rural workforce, with low productivity, accounts for 60 percent of the country’s total labor force; over 58 percent of employment consists of informal jobs like self-employment and household business, with women accounting for 65.7 percent.
President of the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), Vu Tien Loc, says the program is crucial for Vietnam’s future and sustainable development.
The five-year program, the third of its kind since 1992, will give priorities to poverty reduction by expanding social welfare coverage and creating a working environment that offers sustainable business opportunities.
It also aims to reduce unacceptable forms of employment, especially for vulnerable people, and design an effective workforce management mechanism that respects basic principles and labor rights.
Cooperation priorities in sustainable employment are expected to help Vietnam generate jobs, especially in medium to small-sized enterprises.
Speaking at the signing ceremony, Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs, Dao Ngoc Dung, said Vietnam will continue paying heed to employment, human resources development and social security as part of the nation’s international economic integration progress in line with its sustainable growth strategy. He proposed that the ILO and involved partners build an action plan for the program.
In the short term, it is necessary to improve the labor law system and build harmonious labor relations in enterprises, Dung said. The minister also expected his hope that the ILO will assist Vietnam in reforming social insurance and wage policies and improving its international integration capacity.
ILO Vietnam Director, Chang-Hee Lee, said Vietnam’s position has changed radically over the past 25 years. The country has shown its full integration in the global economy and has become known as a quality textile and garment outsourcing center that has created millions of jobs. However, Vietnam is still facing challenges in sustainable employment development and needs to improve its vocational training system, he added, pledging to support Vietnam in achieving a sustainable employment target, especially in rural areas.
He said 2017-2021 will be a transition period for Vietnam toward future changes. The program should shift its focus from resources to knowledge, with assistance offered simultaneously to the government, employees and employers at the local level to boost their capacity in preparation for sustainable changes, Chang-Hee Lee said.