10:35 | 05/04/2020 Science - Technology
(VEN) - In recent years, Vietnamese ministries and sectors have focused on developing human resources in science and technology (sci-tech) as most development now is based on technological progress and technology is a driving force for growth.
|Human resources in sci-tech have developed in both quantity and quality|
Human resources in sci-tech have recently developed in both quantity and quality with about 67,000 researchers, many of whom have been recognized worldwide. They are considered an important factor in the contribution of sci-tech to the growth quality and competitiveness of the economy.
The achievement is attributed to a more complete legal framework by the Party and State for developing and attracting human resources to sci-tech, such as the Law on Science and Technology in 2013, Decrees 40/2014/ND-CP and 87/2014/ND-CP, which created conditions for promoting talents and dedication to the country’s socioeconomic development.
The establishment of the National Science and Technology Development Fund also enabled young scientists to conduct sci-tech research at state level. The operation of the Vietnam-Korea Institute of Science and Technology (V-KIST) is also expected to turn out highly-qualified scientists and experts. In addition, the Ministry of Science and Technology has accelerated implementation of a state-funded training project fostering sci-tech human resources at home and abroad.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade organizes annual training programs at home and abroad to improve and update professional knowledge for scientific staff. In addition, the state’s groups, corporations and research institutes are also interested in training professional, high-quality officials, developing highly-qualified sci-tech human resources with practical and responsive capability to adapt well in different production and business positions when necessary (doctors and engineers, for example).
For example, the National Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering (Narime) has identified human resource training as one of the decisive factors for its successful economic autonomy. It provides both short-term and long-term training courses, and its recruitment follows a strict process, with tests and challenges in specific projects. Narime also cooperates with a number of universities and research institutes in the Republic of Korea and other countries in the region to train post-graduate staff. With its highly qualified team, Narime has mastered the design of mechanical equipment for hydrotechnic works and manufactured and supplied equipment for dozens of projects worth trillions of dong.
However, some research institutes still lack qualified and experienced staff with foreign language proficiency because they do not have funds to attract a high quality workforce. Furthermore, the brain-drain from state-owned research institutes to the private sector requires a reform in salary policy to attract and sustain talent in the public sector.
|According to the Strategy for Science and Technology Development for the 2011-2020 period approved by the Prime Minister, by 2020, the number of scientific researchers will reach 11-12 per 10,000 people; training 10,000 engineers of international standards, capable of managing and operating hi-tech production lines.|