09:26 | 26/02/2020 Economy- Society
(VEN) - Although it is said to face high risks of a Covid-19 outbreak, Vietnam so far has effectively prevented the spread of the epidemic, maintaining major balances in the national economy as well as stable production and business activities, especially in imports and exports. These results are attributed to the strong determination of the Vietnamese government and the whole political system to fight against Covid-19 as an enemy, and willingness to sacrifice economic profit to protect people’s health and life.
From drastic government guidelines…
Shortly after information emerged about the Covid-19 outbreak in China, the government and the prime minister issued guidelines for ministries, sectors, localities, businesses and people on drastic measures to prevent the spread of the disease.
On February 1, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc signed Decision 173/QD-TTg officially announcing the outbreak of the coronavirus in Vietnam. On February 2, the PM issued Official Note 156/CD-TTg on intensifying measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus-caused disease. The next day, in Document 164/TTg-KGVX, the PM provided guidelines to isolate all people entering Vietnam from 31 Chinese provinces and cities for 14 days. On February 4, the PM provided guidelines for relevant organizations to ensure the sufficiency of necessary medical equipment and materials to prevent the spread of the disease.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT) has taken the initiative in ensuring sufficient supply of input materials for medical equipment, chemical and bio-products manufacturing facilities to expand production to meet practical demand. On February 6, the Government Office issued Notice 43/TB-VPCP announcing the PM’s conclusion at a meeting of the government’s standing committee. The statement said that in light of the complicated situation of the epidemic, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the PM have provided drastic guidelines and proposed strong measures to prevent the spread of the disease. Authorities at all levels, sectors and organizations from the central to local levels have joined efforts to prevent the spread of the epidemic.
On February 7, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam, head of the national steering committee for Covid-19 prevention and control, signed Decision 80/QD-BCDQG establishing four sub-committees (Monitoring Committee; Treatment Committee; Communications Committee; and Logistics Committee) to assist the head of the national steering committee. The deputy prime minister also signed Decision 81/QD-BCDQG assigning specific tasks to each member of the national steering committee.
… to timely, effective measures
Based on these guidelines, administrators at the central and local levels have taken various measures to prevent the spread of the disease. Based on the actual situation as well as the quarterly and annual growth scenarios of each sector/locality, the government has provided them with guidelines to overcome difficulties to achieve their growth targets.
Along with the healthcare sector’s steps, such as isolating people suspected of being infected, disinfecting highly risky areas, restricting large gatherings, ensuring hygiene in education and training facilities, and delineating areas for disease examination and treatment, ministries and sectors have proposed timely measures to assist businesses in production and trade. Specifically, the Ministry of Planning and Investment has introduced quarterly and annual growth scenarios for each sector.
The MoIT, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and localities with border crossings have quickly deployed plans to assist farmers and businesses in clearing piles of goods at border crossings. To promote the sale of goods and seek new export markets to reduce reliance on one market, the MoIT has provided guidance for businesses to increase domestic linkages and connect distribution chains with provinces which are major agricultural production areas. The MoIT has also asked logistics companies to reduce storage and transportation charges for agricultural products, and provided guidelines for Vietnamese trade counselors in foreign countries to seek new export markets for Vietnamese goods.
Together with other ministries and sectors, the MoIT has kept a close watch on price changes in order to take suitable measures to prevent unreasonable price increases as well as to combat smuggling and fraudulent trade. Localities have intensified inspection and controls in border areas, tightened management of entrance/exit points of goods and passengers in an effort to minimize the epidemic’s impact on production and trade, especially import and export activities.
Despite the complicated development of the epidemic, Vietnam expects its further efforts to stop Covid-19 spread along with maintaining socioeconomic development will yield effective results.