09:30 | 24/02/2020 Economy- Society
(VEN) - Vietnam’s southeastern region is currently the country’s leader in building new-style rural areas. So far, 311 out of its 445 communes meet new-style rural areas standards (a 35.8 percent increase compared to the end of 2015), with all communes in the southern provinces of Dong Nai and Binh Duong meeting all criteria of the program.
Per capita income growth
According to the Steering Committee for the National Target Program on new-style rural areas construction, 98 percent of village and communal roads are now paved. The new rural construction process has also contributed to significantly reducing the poverty rate of the region to about 0.3 percent in 2018, excluding Ho Chi Minh City and Dong Nai Province which apply their own poverty measurements with much higher norms and requirements than the country’s general criteria.
Dong Nai is among the most outstanding provinces in the southeastern region, having been recognized by the Prime Minister as having completed all its new-style rural area tasks in 2019, two years ahead of schedule.
According to Dong Nai People’s Committee Chair Cao Tien Dung, in 2019, Dong Nai launched the One Commune One Product (OCOP) program, increasing the value of advantageous agricultural, non-agricultural products and services in each locality.
The Director of Dong Nai Province’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Huynh Thanh Vinh said the average income per capita of rural people in Dong Nai in 2019 exceeded VND55.6 million annually, more than three times higher than the first year of the new-style rural area project. This achievement was attributed to the province’s synchronous investment in rural infrastructure from roads, schools, hospitals to entertainment facilities. In particular, the province has made breakthroughs in agricultural restructuring and implementing policies on agricultural and rural development.
Like Dong Nai, 100 percent of Binh Duong’s communes meet new-style rural area standards. In the 2016-2018 period, Binh Duong mobilized about VND6.6 trillion for the program and was proactive in organizing the construction and supervision of new-style rural area projects.
In addition, the region has established 404 safe agricultural supply chains with 160 products and 48 agricultural brands.
In Ho Chi Minh City, the agricultural production value per one hectare is now five times higher than the country’s average. The average annual per capita income in the city’s rural areas has increased to VND90 million. So far, 56 communes have completed new rural areas projects, and Ho Chi Minh City expects to have these communes meeting all criteria of new-style rural areas by 2020.
Each locality takes a different approach to new-style rural area construction. For example, in Bau Can Commune, Long Thanh District, Dong Nai Province, all issues are discussed openly and transparently and residents are eager to participate in the campaign voluntarily. In An Phuoc Commune, residents often discuss restructuring plant and animal agriculture and implementing the OCOP program, prompting positive response to the campaigns.
According to orientations for the southeastern region, the construction of new-style rural areas will continue based on sustainable agricultural development with high-tech application, including organic farming and safe/biological animal husbandry. Infrastructure will be upgraded and connected with provinces/cities in the Mekong Delta and the south-central coastal and Central Highlands regions to exploit advantages and potential of the regions.
Under the goals sets for the southeast, at least four localities in each province must be recognized by the Prime Minister as having completed the task of building new-style rural areas. At the district level, at least 70 percent of regional districts must be recognized as fulfilling the task, with at least one district in each province/city reaching the standard of model new-style rural area. As for the communal level, at least 90 percent of regional communes must achieve new-style rural area standards, with 40 percent reaching advanced standards and 10 percent reaching model standards.
As for hamlets, 100 percent of hamlets under Project 1385 must be recognized as new-style rural areas according to regulations set by localities; ensure connectivity of major infrastructure works, including electricity and water systems, schools and medical stations; and improve the quality of rural people’s lives.
Ngoc Thao & Thanh Minh