06:00 | 12/06/2021 Environment
(VEN) - Plastic waste is an environmental and financial burden on governments around the world, including Vietnam. The country is facing numerous difficulties in finding suitable waste treatment technologies, as well as in classifying and minimizing waste at the source and planning waste treatment facilities.
|More information must be disseminated to promote waste classification at the source|
Lack of waste treatment methods
According to environmental experts, Vietnam has to cope with 38 million tonnes of solid waste (including plastic waste) per year, and the amount keeps increasing at an annual rate of about nine percent. Despite trillions of dong spent annually from the central and local budgets for waste management and treatment, the results remain below expectations.
According to Ngo Thi Kim, Board Chair of the HHK Investment and Trade Joint Stock Company which specializes in treating solid waste, a lack of suitable waste treatment technologies is the main reason for the problems. Vietnam still uses outdated technology to treat solid waste and recycle plastic waste for resins, which pollutes water resources. “Under existing conditions in Vietnam, great importance should be attached to minimizing and classifying waste at the source. This is crucial for sustainable development,” Kim said.
Increasing producer responsibility
Article 54 of the 2020 Environmental Protection Law stipulates that organizations and individuals producing recyclable products and packaging must carry out the recycling process according to existing regulations or financially contribute to the Vietnam Environment Protection Fund to assist the recycling. This stipulation has been supported by the business community.
“I support this stipulation because it requires producers to be more cautious and responsible in choosing recyclable and environment-friendly materials to manufacture products and packaging,” Kim said.
In Kim’s opinion, however, information dissemination should be intensified to encourage producers to abide by the law. At the same time, production facilities violating the law should be subject to strict sanctions, while suitable support policies should be applied to those using environment-friendly packaging. The approval of waste treatment projects must follow careful consideration, prioritizing zero waste technologies.
The state needs to support and encourage research to promote recycling and waste treatment using environment-