15:08 | 14/02/2016 Economy- Society
(VEN) - The 2016-2020 poverty reduction criteria related to health, education, housing, clean water, environment and information in accordance to Prime Ministerial Decision 59/QD-TTg dated November 19, 2015 are difficult to achieve, said Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Head of the Northwest Steering Committee, at a recent workshop to discuss sustainable poverty reduction measures for the region.
Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Head of the Northwest Steering Committee, speaks at the workshop
According to Deputy Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs Huynh Van Ti, six northwest provinces including Ha Giang, Cao Bang, Yen Bai, Son La, Dien Bien and Lai Chau achieved an annual average poverty reduction rate of 3.91 percent in the 2010-2014 period, which however still remains double the national average rate. The district-level periodical poverty rate based on the criteria specified by Government Decision 30a/2008/NQ-CP dropped to 25.58 percent, but failed to meet the target; while 21 Program 135-supported communes achieved 3-5 percent poverty rates in the period.
The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs appreciated the efforts in provincial poverty reduction and achievements recorded during the period in terms of vocational training, employment creation, health care, education, housing, production facilitation and clean water supply.
As of July 31, 2015, the Vietnam Bank for Social Policy recorded VND10.89 trillion in outstanding loans provided for the six provinces to implement related poverty reduction plans, a VND6.85 trillion increase compared to 2010.
The provinces presented their poverty reduction measures at the workshop. Yen Bai, for example, said that it had focused on reviewing its current poverty reduction policies and mechanisms and were preparing alternatives to submit to the government for approval; meanwhile, Lai Chau said that it had linked local poverty reduction tasks with the provincial forest service development program.
According to Deputy Head of the Northwest Steering Committee Truong Xuan Cu, there are still difficulties in poverty reduction in these provinces including local delayed implementation of government decisions, unsustainable poverty reduction results, and ineffective investment and propaganda.
Speaking at the workshop, Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc praised the six provinces for achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal for local poverty reduction dropping the rate from 67 percent to 23 percent in the period. However, this rate was unsustainable and should be further reduced through the implementation of more effective measures in a more proactive manner. The northwest provincial authorities should join the regional socioeconomic sustainable development based on a wise use of local advantages and potential, an open investment and trading environment and improved electronic commerce and links.
In addition, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs should focus more on the adjustment and amendment of current policies and mechanisms related to sustainable poverty reduction to matching the regional poverty reduction program until 2020. Those provinces that have had their poverty reduction plans approved should immediately begin implementation with a focus on production technologies and techniques.
At a recent workshop to discuss sustainable poverty reduction measures for the northwest region, banking representatives presented every northwest province with VND5 billion to build 100 houses for the poor. The PetroVietnam Ca Mau Fertilizer Joint Stock Company also granted VND5 billion for construction of community houses in these provinces.