14:06 | 27/04/2018 Society
(VEN) - The 2017 Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) report announced on April 4 showed strong improvement in public sector corruption control.
PAPI is the largest time-series policy-monitoring tool of provincial performance in governance and public administration in Vietnam, measuring public opinion on governance, policy enforcement and public service delivery at a local level. It is a joint collaboration between the Center for Community Support Development Studies (CECODES), the Center for Research and Training of the Vietnam Fatherland Front (VFF-CRT), Real-Time Analytics (RTA), a market research and analytics firm in Vietnam, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
PAPI 2017 reflects the opinions of 14,097 citizens randomly selected from 63 provinces and cities nationwide. They were asked about improvements in five of the six areas of governance and public administration making up the index, including control of corruption in the public sector; public administrative procedures; publicity and transparency; vertical accountability; and public service delivery. The greatest gain was recorded in control of corruption in the public sector.
The average score for corruption control in PAPI 2017 was 6.15 points, compared with 5.8 points in 2016. This increase followed continuous decreases from 2013-2016, reflecting the Communist Party and the State’s concerted efforts to combat corruption. Only 17 percent of those interviewed said they directly experienced demand for bribes when applying for land use rights certificates, down from 23 percent in 2016; the proportion experiencing bribery when using public district hospital services fell to nine percent in 2017, from 17 percent a year earlier. However, people still expect greater and more effective corruption control efforts.
Apart from positive trends, PAPI 2017 also reflected public concerns about poverty and environmental pollution. Although Vietnam has successfully eradicated hunger and the poverty rate in the country has decreased, people with low incomes are still worried that they or their families may face hunger or poverty someday. Most Vietnamese people, especially those with high levels of education, proved unwilling to barter the environment for economic growth. Some even expressed willingness to pay more taxes for environmental protection.
Compared with PAPI 2016, PAPI 2017 reflected considerable improvements by the provinces of Bac Lieu, Quang Ninh, Tra Vinh, Kien Giang, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Dong Nai and An Giang.
Nguyen Viet Thao, Deputy Director of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics: PAPI assesses on an unbiased basis the efficiency of public administration at a provincial level, based on public opinion.