14:07 | 20/08/2014 Science - Technology
(VEN) - Thanks to the application of science and technology, Vietnam’s key seafood products not only contribute to promoting exports but also meet strict requirements in Japanese, the EU and the US markets.
Vietnam’s key seafood products have been available in foreign markets
The Ministry of Science and Technology’s Department of Local Science and Technology Development Chief Ho Ngoc Luat said that the greatest contribution of science and technology in the fisheries sector was the variety production and processing technology, contributing to increasing output and promoting exports.
Vietnam’s key seafood products have been available in 156 countries in the world, contributing to reaching export turnover of over US$6 billion in recent years. Thanks to the application of science and technology into breeding, production and processing, Vietnam has obtained these outstanding achievements. Vietnam’s seafood exports consist of tilapia, Tra fish, Basa fish, shrimps, cobia, sea bass, grouper, red snapper, crab, sweet snail and abalone.
Thanks to scientific research, a number of variety production technologies have approached or exceeded the international level.
For example, the successful application of sturgeon artificial techniques has contributed to replacing imported sources, lowering production costs and improving competitiveness.
Vietnam’s science and technology sector has also successfully piloted models in terms of breeding tiger prawns, tilapia and Basa fish with high productivity of 1.5-2.5 tonnes, 10 tonnes and 15-20 tonnes per hectare, respectively.
“Thanks to mastering production technology of crab, sweet snail, grouper and abalone, Vietnam saves about US$100 million per year,” Ho Ngoc Luat said.
Ensuring product quality
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s Directorate of Fisheries, in terms of processing, all frozen processing facilities had met Vietnamese standards and conditions. In addition, thanks to the application of HACCP advanced quality management system, Vietnam’s key seafood products have been available in foreign countries.
Detailed statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s National Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Quality Assurance Department showed that the country had about 300, 440, 30, 60 and 450 businesses that are allowed to export seafood products to the EU, the Republic of Korea, Russia, Brazil and Japan, respectively.
Thanks to the application of science and technology, Vietnam’s seafood export turnover increased from US$20 million in 1980 to US$6.8 billion in 2013 and is expected to total US$7 billion in 2014.
To create favorable conditions for Vietnamese Tra fish, the government issued Decree 36/2014/ND-CP on Tra fish farming, processing and exports. According to a decree, by 2015, commercial Tra fish production and processing facilities must apply VietGAP standards, contributing to meeting strict requirements in foreign markets.
“Promoting the application of science and technology in seafood production and processing contributes to not only increasing productivity but also improving the quality. Science and technology play a key role for an increase in seafood export turnover,” Ho Ngoc Luat said./.
By Quynh Nga