Promising dairy breeds

14:02 | 04/08/2014 Economy- Society

(VEN) - According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)’s Livestock Husbandry Department, the improved quality of domestic dairy herds has yielded in increased milk yield per 10-month cycle, from 3.25 tonnes of milk in 2001, to four tonnes by 2010, and 5.60 tonnes in 2013 (higher than Thailand’s average milk yield of 3.2 tonnes and Indonesia’s 3.1 tonnes).

Dairy farm in Tam Duong District, Vinh Phuc Province-photo Tien Dung

Vietnam’s dairy industry is witnessing dramatic steps in terms of size of investment and application of high technology on a national scale. Along with these factors, the structure of dairy breeds is considered vital and decisive to the improvement of productivity and quality of Vietnamese milk products to fully meet the consumer demand.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)’s Livestock Husbandry Department, as of April 2014, the national dairy herd has reached more than 200,000 cows, including 132,000 Holstein Friesian (HF) Dutch purebred cows, accounting for 66 percent of the total. Dairy farms are mainly distributed in the provinces of Tuyen Quang, Vinh Phuc, Son La, Hanoi, Nghe An, Long An, Lam Dong, and Ho Chi Minh City.

This achievement has resulted from a long term process of implementation of Prime Ministerial Decision 167/2001/QD-TTg on the country’s dairy development in the 2001-2010 period, with focuses on improving the quality of dairy breeds. The dairy industry gained access to cattle breeding technologies including artificial insemination, embryo sex selection and transfer, and applications of VDM and VDM-AI dairy herd management software.

According to Vinh Phuc’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the province defined the dairy breeding selection is decisive to success in local dairy development and promoted transfer of artificial insemination technique to thousands of dairy farmers in the province. There are about 4,142 dairy cows across the province. If every milk cow can give 5,000kg of milk in 10 month cycle on average and the average price per kg of milk is VND10,388, dairy farmers will gain VND25-28 million per head on annual basis.

According to Tuyen Quang’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, all dairy cows in the province are imported from Australia, with certified inpidual resumes and meeting HF Dutch standards. Currently, the HF dairy cows are distributed to three concentrated livestock farms including Tuyen Quang Dairy Farm (2,000 cows); Tuong Lai Dairy Co., Ltd (800 cows) and Hoang Khai Co., Ltd (90 cows). The average milk yield per 10-month cycle has reached about 7,000 liter per head.

HF Dutch cows are considered very suitable for intensive livestock production in many parts of the climate in our country. However, to maintain stable quality of dairy breeds in the future, the dairy herd management must be further strengthened through drastic measures such as ear-chip attachment, unified dairy herd management system, artificial insemination, and dairy breed selection./.

By Nguyen Tien Dung