Proclamation of Independence: As relevant today as in 1945

07:00 | 02/09/2022 Events

(VEN) - On September 2, 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Proclamation of Independence at Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square, declaring the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam), the first democratic worker-peasant state in Southeast Asia. The declaration, which demonstrates the strong will and aspirations of the Vietnamese people, remains topical both at home and abroad after 77 years.  

Immortal writing

The declaration epitomized President Ho Chi Minh’s philosophical and political views and his deep appreciation for the values of human civilization.

Discussing its relevance 77 years on, as Vietnam celebrated its September 2 Independence Day, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tran Ngoc Long, former Deputy Director of the Vietnam Institute of Military History, highlighted its vitality and dialectical unity between national rights and human rights - the goal to which all countries aspire.

According to Long, the Declaration of Independence reflects both the development of the Vietnamese people's autonomy over thousands of years and the lofty human values ​​that President Ho Chi Minh learned while wandering around the world to find a way to save the country. “This is an immortal writing that affirms the nation's right to independence and freedom,” Long said.

The declaration combines the spirit of Ho Chi Minh’s predecessors with the progressive ideas emerging from the Second World War. National independence and socialism are the two important poles of President Ho Chi Minh's thought, Long said. His proclamation starts out with the seminal quote from the US 1776 Declaration of Independence, “All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”, and the 1789 French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, “Men are born and remain free and equal in rights.”

proclamation of independence as relevant today as in 1945
proclamation of independence as relevant today as in 1945
proclamation of independence as relevant today as in 1945
proclamation of independence as relevant today as in 1945
The artifacts dated September 2, 1945 are displayed at the Vietnam National Museum of History in Hanoi

Desire to build powerful country

According to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bui Hoai Son, Member of the National Assembly Committee for Culture and Education (NACCE), the Independence Day September 2 is a constant reminder of the nation’s milestones.

Son noted that although Vietnam was prevented from celebrating Independence Day in 2020 and 2021 due to COVID-19, the manner in which the people coped with the disastrous impacts of the coronavirus epidemic demonstrated the lasting values and spirit of the Declaration of Independence. In fact, the Proclamation and its annual commemoration on Independence Day delivers an important message – the solidarity, mutual love and sharing – and has shaped an enduring patriotism that has helped Vietnam overcome successive challenges and will continue to do so.

President Ho Chi Minh hailed this passionate patriotic tradition, as reflected in the people’s resilience and willingness for sacrifice when faced with their many enemies over the centuries, he said.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bui Hoai Son also said the 2022 Independence Day demonstrated the enduring topical value of “Uncle Ho’s” beliefs, with Vietnam having emerged stronger from a national crisis and determined to carry out the work of national construction, development and international integration.

Son said pride in the past increases confidence in the present and inspires aspirations to build a strong country for a bright future.

“Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom” is the motto underpinning Vietnam’s Declaration of Independence, which has guided Vietnam for 77 years, reflecting the indomitable spirit and will of its people.

Hoa Quynh