16:06 | 08/03/2022 Science - Technology
Due to a government that no longer values coal-based power, Vietnam’s energy sector is using LNG to find its position between fossil fuels and renewables. As a proven partner, GE is poised to help.
Interest in LNG projects is growing internationally, and Vietnam is no exception. With its clear potential, the IEA expects Asia-Pacific to see many “breakthroughs in the development of LNG power plants in the next decade.” According to Petrovietnam, the 24 planned LNG power projects recorded in the draft PDP8 will lead to a situation where the coastline of Vietnam will be covered by the configuration of “one power plant plus one LNG import and gas refinery warehouse”.
Though LNG can be more capable than other fossil fuels in terms of reliability and CO2 reduction, these advantages depend on related technologies. GE’s two world records—for LNG power plants with the highest efficiency—are drawing the interest of LNG projects in Vietnam. To address this issue, GE’s proven H-class turbines are a complementary pairing for alternative fuels like LNG, able to efficiently supplement grid renewables and cut greenhouse gases.
GE's 9HA turbine
GE’s 9HA flexible turbines are such an innovation, able to support alternative fuels for clean, stable energy. The newest generation of GE turbines offers markedly low CapEx, easy fuel conversion, and long engine life.
Global CO2 emissions are still increasing, but with renewables being temperamental based on weather, the rapid rise of LNG thermal power plants will be a main source adding to Vietnam’s grid and powering public demand. Inasmuch, GE’s 9HA units mitigate greenhouse gases—a key factor in the energy sector meeting regulations.
As estimated by GE Power, there are 24 planned LNG projects in Asia-Pacific. The projected demand for LNG-integrated plant efficiency is 60 million tons per year. In particular, the output of planned projects by 2025 is 23 GW, this number is expected to increase to 84 GW by 2035.
While red tape, import concerns, and PPA negotiations slow the integration of LNG into the country’s thermal plants, this alternative fuel has irrefutable potential. Paired with the right turbines, liquefied natural gas is expected to lead the way for Vietnam’s energy structure, meeting a large portion of its capacity by 2030.