14:32 | 18/11/2018 Industry
(VEN) - A three-year pilot project of eco-industrial parks in Vietnam has resulted in savings of more than VND70 billion for 72 companies that reduced the amount of waste discharged into the environment. The results are expected to provide motivation for localities and businesses across the country to shift production to the eco-industrial park model.
Vietnam has more than 300 industrial zones and export processing zones. Although it has many contributions to economic development, industrial production activities have posed challenges to the environment and human health. To overcome shortcomings, in 2014, the prime minister approved an eco-industrial park initiative for sustainable industrial zones in Vietnam with total non-refundable capital of over US$4.5 million supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
The project aims to convert three industrial zones in Ninh Binh, Da Nang and Can Tho into eco-industrial parks. Some 72 businesses participating in the project were provided with technology innovation support and training courses on cleaner production.
After three years of implementation, some 72 businesses have saved more than VND70 billion by reducing the amount of waste discharged into the environment, as well as taking full advantage of natural resources for cleaner production. Hoa Khanh Industrial Zone in Da Nang is one such success story. Eight businesses in this industrial zone saved 5-10 percent of electricity and 3-5 percent of water, and reduced 510 tonnes of CO2 per year and 95kg of COD per year. Inadequacies
After the initial positive results of eco-industrial parks, localities and businesses have paid more attention to this model. Pham Van Moi, head of the Management Board of the Hai Phong Economic Zone, said the city has seen rapid development in recent years. Investment in high-tech has yielded high growth without seriously affecting the environment. Therefore, city leaders are determined to build a sustainable local economy, with the orientation of converting traditional industrial zones into eco-industrial parks.
However, without the state’s support, the locality has encountered many difficulties. Pham Van Moi said it is difficult to find clean ground and most businesses are unaware of the need for symbiosis and environmental protection, while management boards do not face strong sanctions to force business compliance.
Ministries, departments and localities need to work together to ensure successful replication of the eco-industrial park