14:38 | 08/05/2019 Economy
The National Payment Corporation of Vietnam (NAPAS) has announced a fee reduction for its local switching system services with an aim to encourage banks replacing their current magnetic strip ATM cards with chip cards ahead of schedule.
|Workers at industrial parks in the southern province of Binh Duong queue up at BIDV's ATMs to withdraw cash - Photo: VNA|
Accordingly, banks will enjoy a 47-80 percent fee reduction for NAPAS’s switching system services (depending on kinds of transaction) if they complete technical requirements to enable the replacement of their magnetic strip ATM cards with chip cards from May 1 this year.
According to a SBV’s plan, banks are required to replace 30 percent of their current magnetic strip ATM cards, equal to more than 25 million in total, to chip cards by the end of this year to enhance safety and service quality. Then they must increase the ratio of chip cards to at least 60 percent by 2020. This means at least 51 million cards will use chip technology. The regulation will ensure the country has completely switched to chip cards by the end of 2021.
The plan also requires card payment institutions to ensure that at least 35 percent of their ATMs and 50 percent of their points of sale (POS) accept chip cards by the end of this year. The ratios are required to increase to 100 percent by the end of 2020.
Statistics from SBV showed the country was home to more than 18,170 ATMs and 294,500 POS machines, serving more than 85 million ATM cards with magnetic strips. These old-style cards can be easily hacked due to weak security features.
Commercial banks are in the process of switching over to the new cards because of their stronger security features. However, some banks say they face multiple barriers. They will have to upgrade their technology and replace ATMs and POS terminals with newer ones that are compatible with chip cards. Issuing a chip card can cost some 1.5-2.5 USD, meaning they will have to spend between 105 million USD and 175 million USD for the transition, in addition to the cost of upgrading ATMs and core banking systems to adapt to the change.
Banks which connect with NAPAS’s automated clearing housing system (ACH) to serve the payment of retail transactions will also enjoy a 25 percent fee reduction for NAPAS’s switching system services from October 1 this year.
A NAPAS report showed that the number of transactions conducted via its system increased by more than 45 percent in 2018 over the previous year with the total value reaching more than 1.7 quadrillion VND (74 billion USD), a rise of 169 percent.