13:00 | 29/07/2021 Environment
(VEN) - The Law on Environmental Protection, which will take effect on January 1, 2022, reflects major changes in environmental management, according to Tran Anh Tan, Deputy Director of the Ministry of Industry and Trade’s Industrial Safety Techniques and Environment Agency (ISEA).
Strict sanctions must be applied to polluting businesses
The Law on Environmental Protection 2020 was adopted at the 10th session of the 14th-tenure National Assembly on November 17, 2020 and will take effect on January 1, 2022. It demonstrates Vietnam’s goal of protecting environmental components and people's health by mandating environmental management instruments synchronized for every stage of a project’s lifecycle. That includes appraisal of decisions on investment policies, project assessments and the operation and termination stages as they relate to national environmental protection strategy, environmental projection planning, strategic environmental assessment, preliminary environmental impact assessment, environmental impact assessment, environmental license and environmental registration.
The law specifies project types subject to preliminary environmental impact assessment upon pre-feasibility study. It also provides only one kind of environmental license, replacing all other environmental licenses.
The industry and trade sector has been making strenuous efforts to minimize environmental pollution, including industrial waste discharge in the steel, thermal power, chemical, mineral mining and metallurgy industries. However, technology and equipment in numerous industrial production establishments need to be replaced and/or upgraded to meet environmental protection requirements, and environmental protection by small and medium-sized enterprises in industrial zones remains problematic.
Nguyen Thi Hoa, deputy head of the industrial cluster management office of the Ministry of Industry and Trade’s Agency for Regional Industry and Trade (ARIT), said environmental management solutions for small and medium-sized enterprises in industrial zones include infrastructure improvement, improvement of the legal framework on environmental protection in industrial zones, promotion of investment in environmental protection systems in industrial parks, training in application of environmental management documents for industrial zone managers and infrastructure and secondary investors in industrial zones, and improvement of environmental protection awareness in industrial parks.
The industry and trade sector’s 2020-2025 environmental protection plan will improve the legal framework and control environmental pollution, restructuring and turning the industry and trade sector into a sustainable and environmentally friendly system.
Enterprises need to change their strategies and pursue environmentally friendly growth geared to the development of
a circular economy.
Lan Anh & Thanh Tam