09:53 | 10/08/2016 Society
(VEN) - It’s a pity if travelers travel across Thanh Hoa without visiting the Lam Kinh historical site.
Traveling sacred land
We traveled nearly 100km from the Lang Chanh District to Lam Kinh historical site in Tho Xuan District in hot weather. But, our tiredness vanished when we arrived in the Lam Son uprising land where national hero Le Loi rests, breathing the fresh air under green tree shadow.
According to documents on the site, after the Ming enemy (1418-1427) victory, Le Loi crowned in Dong Do (Thang Long) and founded the Le Dynasty. In 1430, Le Loi changed Lam Son into Lam Kinh. He died in 1433 and was buried in Vinh Lang in Lam Kinh. Lam Kinh is wide, bordered to the north by the Dau Mountain, to the south by the Chu River, to the west by the Phu Lam Forest and to the east by the Huong and Ham Rong mounts. The citadel, palaces and shrines in Lam Kinh were built along a south-north axis.
The Lam Kinh citadel is 314m in length, 254m in width and 1m in thickness, with the northern bowlike wall having a radius of 164m. Lam Kinh has been severely degraded over centuries and in need of preservation and promotion.
Thanks to the government’s attention, many items of the site have been restored gradually to their former shapes. Lam Kinh now covers a total area of 200ha located in two districts of Tho Xuan and Ngoc Lac, about 50km away to the northwest from Thanh Hoa, symbolizing the pride of the Le Dynasty.
Strange stories about Lam Kinh
Visitors to Lam Kinh will have the opportunity to learn strange stories about Laughing Guava Tree, Ironwood of Dedication and Banyan of Romance.
The nearly-century-old fruitful Smiling Guava Tree grows on the right site of the Royal Tomb. When slightly touching the tree by fingers, we felt that it thrilled and all the leaves waved to make sound like laughing. Rumor has it that the tree has soul and feeling as it grows on a sacred land. Tran Hung Dan who lived in Hanh Thien Village, Nam Dinh Province prayed before the Tomb of King Le Thai To for a boy child. Then, his dream came true and he expressed his gratitude towards King Ly Thai To by donating four elephant statues, two camphor trees and a guava tree in 1933. His family has so far been living in Hai Phong.
The story about the Ironwood of Dedication also gives visitors a strong impression. The six-century-old tree which was one of the tallest trees in the Lam Kinh Forest shed leaves and died in 2010 when the Lam Kinh restoration project was approved. In 2011, Thanh Hoa Province hosted a tree-cutting ceremony on the occasion of King Ly Thai To’s Death Anniversary and discovered that the tree was not ruined as usual but available for use as a prop for palaces.
The three-century-old Banyan of Romance which grows in the royal courtyard is regarded as the biggest tree of the kind in Lam Kinh. It embraced a decandrous persimmon tree which was dead in 2007 but still hangs out a dried branch. In 2013, the tree was recognized as a heritage tree by the Vietnam Association for Conservation of Nature and Environment for its historical values and originality.
Lam Kinh where proofs of a heroic historical period of fighting against the northern invaders and building and defending Dai Viet are still preserved make Vietnamese people feel proud.