11:56 | 11/06/2015 Science - Technology
(VEN) - International scientific publications are one of the indicators used to assess scientific and technological capacity in many countries. The increased number of international scientific publications of Vietnam revealed the positive changes in the country’s science and technology sector.
Outstanding scientists honored at the 2015 Ta Quang Buu Award ceremony
Basic research remains strength
According to the latest report of the Ministry of Scientific and Technology (MoST), the number of international scientific publications of Vietnam has sharply increased in recent years, from 2,506 projects in the 2001-2005 period to 3,863 projects in the 2006-2009 period and to 9,976 projects in the 2010-2014 period. Consequently, Vietnam’s ranking in this field moved up to the 59th position worldwide, still lower than Thailand and Malaysia but higher than Indonesia and the Philippines.
Of those research works, areas in basic research such as math’s, physics and chemistry remained strengths of Vietnam and accounted for one third of its international scientific publications. Those science and technology organizations with highest number of publications in the 2010-2014 period were the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Vietnam National University-Hanoi, Vietnam National University-Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi University of Science and Technology.
Dr. and Associate Professor Tran Thanh Hai from the Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, one of the four scientists with outstanding scientific works who received Ta Quang Buu Award 2015 said, international scientific publications were seen as a measurement of research capability and integration capability of scientists. If the research works were published in top science magazines, it means those works reach international standards. Therefore, the MoST has recently made important breakthroughs to create a favorable environment for basic research and scientific research in general, through the establishment of the National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED).
The NAFOSTED provided funds and acted as a guarantee for organizations and inpiduals, especially young scientists to do scientific and technological tasks. It was estimated that in the 2013-2014 period, the number of young scientists (below the age of 40) who were project leaders accounted for 65 percent of all science and technology tasks.
More support needed
According to Dr. Phan Xuan Hieu from the University of Engineering and Technology, to have valuable international scientific publications, scientists need to have a passion for their research activities and maintain an interest in new research results and global advances in areas related to their fields. In addition, they need to be capable of setting plans, and organizing and managing time efficiently so that new ideas could be smoothly implemented.
Dr. Tran Thanh Hai said basic research programs usually take a long time and require large amount of funding to form strong research groups and build laboratories with modern equipment. These are big challenges for science and technology research activities in Vietnam.
Before this issue, many scientists said, despite the increased funding for basic research in science and technology, it only accounted for a very small proportion compared with other areas of science and technology. The state needs to improve pay and conditions to encourage talented scientists.
According to the Ministry of Science and Technology, the number of international scientific publications accounts for about 25 percent of Vietnam’s scientific works annually. In 2014, more than 1,700 works were announced in international magazines./.
By Quynh Nga