09:22 | 19/02/2020 Global Economy
India emerged as the world’s fifth largest economy by overtaking the UK and France in 2019, says a report.
|India overtakes the UK and France to become the world’s fifth largest economy|
A US-based think tank World Population Review in its report said that India is developing into an open-market economy from its previous autarkic policies.
“India’s economy is the fifth largest in the world with a GDP of 2.94 trillion USD, overtaking the UK and France in 2019 to take the fifth spot,” it said.
The size of the UK economy is USD 2.83 trillion and that of France is 2.71 trillion USD.
The report further said that in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, India’s GDP (PPP) is 10.51 trillion USD, exceeding that of Japan and Germany. Due to India’s high population, India’s GDP per capita is 2,170 USD (for comparison, the US is 62,794 USD).
India’s real GDP growth, however, it said is expected to weaken for the third straight year from 7.5 per cent to 5 per cent.
The report observed that India’s economic liberalisation began in the early 1990s and included industrial deregulation, reduced control on foreign trade and investment, and privatisation of state-owned enterprises.
“These measures have helped India accelerate economic growth,” it said.
India’s service sector is the fast-growing sector in the world accounting for 60 percent of the economy and 28 percent of employment, the report said, adding that manufacturing and agriculture are two other significant sectors of the economy.
The US-based World Population Review is an independent organisation without any political affiliations.