10:39 | 01/03/2016 Science - Technology
(VEN) - As a developing country, Vietnam has managed to take advantage of international scientific cooperation to boost domestic scientific and technological development.
Increasing international scientific cooperation helps domestic science and technology institutes and centers access new and advanced scientific achievements
According to the Ministry of Science and Technology, Vietnam applied appropriate scientific development and international scientific cooperation policies during the 2011-2015 period, with a focus on strategic and all-sided cooperation models, especially for scientifically and technologically developed countries.
Vietnam has gradually become an active instead of passive partner in international scientific cooperation. To date, it has established scientific cooperation relations with more than 70 countries and territories, become a member of more than 100 regional and global scientific organizations, and singed and implemented more than 80 government-level and ministerial-level scientific cooperation agreements.
Vietnam has hosted a series of international scientific workshops and conferences attracting globally known scientists and has set up science and technology representative offices in 12 leading scientifically and technologically developed countries.
Many scientific funding packages worth of some million US dollars have been implemented and rated as precious in the context of insufficient domestic scientific funding. For example, the Vietnam – Korea Institute of Science and Technology (V-KIST) was set up from US$35 million worth of non-refundable official development assistance (ODA) pooled by the Republic of Korea (RoK) and VND730 billion in Vietnamese government counterpart funding. The project is scheduled to finish construction and enter operation by 2017 and to be perfected during the 2018-2022 period from the RoK’s ODA funding of US$50-80 million.
The Fostering Innovation through Research, Science and Technology (FIRST) which has received US$110 million as preferential loan from the World Bank and US$10 million in Vietnamese government counterpart funding is expected to push up corporate scientific and technological innovation in Vietnam.
Promoting international scientific cooperation
According to Minister of Science and Technology Nguyen Quan, international scientific cooperation is regarded as a momentum for domestic scientific development, exploiting international scientific advancements and attracting foreign investment into domestic scientific development, and also as a step into international integration.
Recognizing that, the Central Party’s Meeting 6, Session 11, issued Decision 20-NQ-TW dated October 31, 2012 on scientific development in service of the industrialization and modernization under market economic conditions. Moreover, the 2011-2020 scientific development strategy also indicates that Vietnam targets international scientific cooperation and considers it an important solution to boost domestic scientific development.
The Ministry of Science and Technology has proactively implemented scientific development programs and projects including the International Scientific Cooperation Project until 2020, the FIRST Project and the Finland-Vietnam Innovation Partnership Program.
To further promote international scientific cooperation in the coming time, the Ministry of Science and Technology will continue to boost international scientific cooperation propaganda to raise people’s awareness of the role of science and technology in the national socioeconomic development. In addition, it will conduct bilateral and multilateral scientific cooperation programs and projects and encourage scientific cooperation among domestic and foreign businesses, colleges, institutes and inpiduals.
Vietnam intend to host more international scientific workshops and participate in international scientific workshops abroad, organize exhibitions on domestic and foreign advanced scientific and technological products, promote the role of science and technology representative offices in 12 leading scientifically and technologically developed countries, encourage overseas Vietnamese and foreign scientists to participate in domestic scientific studies and scientific human resource development projects and programs, and establish science and technology institutes and centers based on long-term international scientific cooperation.