09:53 | 30/09/2015 Economy- Society
(VEN) - A range of occupational accident compensation regulations have been issued in the recent period as part of efforts to curb the number of accidents and help the victims of workplace accidents benefit from rehabilitation and post-accident support.
The construction sector has a high rate of occupational accidents
According to the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), compensation for the victims of occupational accident was clearly stipulated in the Article 144 and 145 of the Labor Code, requiring employers to pay workers compensation for the length of their contracted period. In addition, employers are liable for payment of the costs not included in the list issued by the health insurance coverage to employees and all the medical expenses from the first aid to treatment for workers who are not covered by health insurance.
MOLISA's Circular 04/2015/TT-BLDTBXH stipulates the amount of compensation for victims of workplace accidents should be at least 30 months’ wages for those who have working capacity decreased by 81 percent or higher or died of occupational accidents or diseases; or equal to at least 1.5 months’ wages for those who have working capacity decreased by 5 -10 percent.
The Health Insurance Law also stipulates that medical expenses on victims will be paid by the Health Insurance Fund and related employers. Moreover, the Occupational Health and Safety Act which took effect from July 1, 2015 has added several new regulations on rights for non-contracted workers to receive occupational accident insurance and on vocational training support for sufferers from occupational accidents and diseases.
Thousands of sufferers from occupational accidents and diseases have been supported in recent years, with an annual funding of about VND100 billion, said Director General of the Vietnam Social Security Nguyen Thi Minh.
Occupational accident compensation to be simplified
According to Nguyen Thi Minh, occupational accident compensation payment procedures are viewed as overly-complicated for both employers and sufferers from occupational accidents and diseases and should be simplified.
Experts agreed that occupational accident insurance premiums are applied regardless of sectors with higher or lower rates of occupational accidents and diseases, which is different from many other countries worldwide. For example, employees in Thailand must contribute from 0.2-2 percent of their wages to the occupational accident insurance fund based on annual frequency of sectoral occupational accidents.
About 60 percent of employees in Vietnam are working without a labor contract and have limited knowledge of labor regulations and therefore often suffer from disadvantages while being victims of occupational accidents and diseases. They should be encouraged to participate in occupational accident insurance and to learn about labor regulations.