15:34 | 10/09/2015 Economy- Society
(VEN) - According to the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), employers are responsible for 72.7 percent and negligent employees responsible for 13.4 percent of workplace accidents. So, it is necessary to improve the awareness of occupational health and safety (OHS) in terms of management and the workforce.
Local OHS awareness is viewed as low
OHS policy should be perfected
Workplace safety occupies a key position in legal documents such as the Labor Code, Insurance Law, Social Insurance Law, Trade Union Law, and several government directives, with a view to ensuring the rights and benefits of workers.
The OHS Law which has been recently passed by the National Assembly and will take effect from July 1, 2016, stipulates the responsibilities of local related authorities, employers and trade unions in terms of labor accidents, facilitating labor accident data collection.
In addition, the OHS Law also includes compensation policies for the victims of workplace accidents and people with occupational diseases. Moreover, workers without labor contracts have the rights to work in a safe workplace, be trained in OHS and benefit from occupational accident insurance coverage.
According to the MOLISA, the OHS by-laws have been finalized, providing an important legal framework for the implementation of OHS regulations. Vietnam is one of the first Asian participants in the International Labor Organization (ILO) Convention 187 on Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health, after Japan, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Malaysia.
“Through this, Vietnam has made a strong commitment on creating a safe working environment for employees and employers,” said Deputy Minister of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs Pham Minh Huan.
OHS awareness should be raised
Thanks to the OHS Law and by-laws, serious labor accidents have significantly reduced. For example, 2006 saw seven deaths from labor accidents per 100,000 workers while 2015 is expected to see five or less per 100,000. Last year, there were 6,700 labor accidents nationwide, with 33.1 percent of serious labor accidents occurring in production and business sectors, 11 percent in mining sectors and 9.4 percent in service sectors.
“There are several solutions to mitigate labor accidents. However, the most important thing is to raise the OHS awareness among both employers and employees through OHS training and propaganda. OHS staff should encourage workers to use personal protective equipment and safe and appropriate tools for specific jobs. In addition, related authorities should strengthen OHS and fire prevention inspection and management activities,” said Deputy Minister of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs Doan Mau Diep.
Vietnam has so far signed 21 of 189 ILO conventions, as part of efforts to improve its OHS legal framework while facilitating bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations.