17:09 | 10/12/2016 Science - Technology
(VEN) - Israel has produced 250-300 tonnes of tomato and 15 million branches of rose per hectare yearly by applying high technology in agriculture. The respective figures in Vietnam are only 20-30 tonnes and one million branches. The comparison proves the importance of high technology in agriculture development for Vietnam to increase yield, reduce the use of pesticides, and water and fertilizer costs.
Hydroponic vegetable gardening
Hi-tech agriculture’s benefits
Lam Dong and Dong Nai provinces, Ho Chi Minh City and southwestern provinces have been successful in growing bananas, orchids, tomatoes, vegetables and flowers through using high technology and following standards. The Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practices (VIETGAP) and the Global Good Agricultural Practices (GLOBALGAP) enable Vietnamese farm produce to satisfy both the domestic market and hard-to-please markets such as the US, Japan and the EU.
By applying high technology, the revenue from growing vegetables in greenhouses reached VND120-150 million per hectare in Ho Chi Minh City, which is double or triple that of the conventional cultivation. Lam Dong has been developing hi-tech agriculture for more than 10 years. The province currently has 43,000ha of hi-tech agricultural production, representing almost 16 percent of the province’s total agricultural land area. Hi-tech agriculture contributed to increasing Lam Dong’s agricultural productivity to VND145 million per hectare per year. Lam Dong is working with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to develop agriculture through multi-sector approach and improve the agricultural investment climate.
Hi-tech agriculture has attracted leading economic groups in the country, including the Hoa Phat Group, TH True Milk and the Vingroup, among others. Vingroup has developed more than 1,000ha of vegetables and flowers in Vinh Phuc Province. Here in Vietnam, 29 hi-tech agricultural parks have been planned, built and put into operation in 12 provinces and cities. They have obtained certain achievements.
Adequate policies needed
According to experts and businesses, although hi-tech agriculture obtained initial achievements, it encountered difficulties related to land, finance, sales and policies. A number of hi-tech agricultural zones need to improve efficiency and present an appropriate development strategy as well as a proper operational model.
Systematical and strong investment is crucial to develop and maximize hi-tech agriculture strengths in the context of economic globalization. It is important to consistently expand and further develop hi-tech agricultural parks, train and assist farmers, promote links between the state, scientists, entrepreneurs and farmers.
Providing high quality products with competitive prices and on-time delivery, hi-tech agriculture is expected to connect Vietnamese agricultural products to the global supply chain.