12:31 | 01/05/2016 Society
(VEN) - Under its master plan for transportation to 2030 with a vision towards 2050 that has been submitted to the prime minister for approval, Hanoi is looking towards building a sustainable, comprehensive, and modern transportation system.
Hanoi is developing a comprehensive transport infrastructure system to ensure that the ratio of land for traffic to land for urban construction reaches 20-26 percent in central urban areas, and 18-23 percent in satellite urban areas, with land for static traffic works to account for 3-4 percent.
The city is prioritizing developing public transportation facilities to ensure that these facilities will meet 30-35 percent of travel demand in central urban areas by 2020, 50-55 percent by 2030, and 65-70 percent after 2030. In satellite urban areas, public transportation facilities are expected to meet 15 percent of travel demand by 2020, about 40 percent by 2030, and 50 percent after 2030.
There are 11 high-speed routes, eight national highways, and two inter-regional belt routes serving traffic from Hanoi to other parts of the country. Inside the city, Hanoi will build a new highway on belt route 3, which will be combined with other highways to form an urban highway network for central urban areas. At the same time, the city will build two belt routes and 11 main axes to the north of the Red River, and nine axes to the south of the river.
In addition, Hanoi will improve and build 185 interchanges between highways, major urban axes, and cross roads; 11 new bridges over the Red River, four new roads over the Duong River, and new bridges over the Da River, Day River, and other rivers; eight rail routes for central urban areas, and eight express bus routes.
The capital will concentrate on upgrading public transportation facilities such as bus and rail routes, replace buses that cause pollution, and promote the application of information technology in the management of traffic systems.
Hanoi will be connected with 14 highways
Under the plan, Hanoi will be connected with 14 highways in the northern region with total length of 1,368km. These include the Hanoi-Bac Giang-Lang Son Highway (143km), Hanoi-Hai Phong (105km), Hanoi-Viet Tri (Phu Tho)-Lao Cai (264km), Noi Bai (Hanoi)-Bac Ninh-Ha Long (Quang Ninh) (176km), Ha Long-Mong Cai (128km), Ninh Binh-Hai Phong-Quang Ninh (160km), and Dong Dang-Tra Linh (144km).
The central region and Central Highlands will have three highways with total length of 264km, including the Hong Linh-Huong Son Highway in Ha Tinh Province (34km), Cam Lo-Lao Bao (Quang Tri) 70km, and Quy Nhon (Binh Dinh)-Pleiku (Gia Lai) 160km.
The southern region is planned to have seven highways with total length of 983km, including the Chau Doc (An Giang)-Can Tho-Soc Trang Highway (200km), Ha Tien-Rach Gia-Bac Lieu 225km, and Can Tho-Ca Mau 150km.
The construction of these highways can be pided into periods based on the volume of vehicles and the mobilization of capital resources, and this must go along with effective land management in order to minimize the cost of site clearance.