12:29 | 20/12/2015 Economy- Society
(VEN) - Hanoi has seen decreased agricultural land due to rapid urbanization and development of infrastructure in the seven years since the expansion of administrative boundaries and is focusing on solving rural employment problems through leveraging various resources.
Lacquer ware making in Boi Khe Village, Chuyen My Commune, Phu Xuyen District, Hanoi
According to the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs, Hanoi effectively deployed rural vocational training during the 2010-2014 period, offering 110,128 workers 3,246 vocational training courses on ornamental trees, safe vegetables and high-quality rice farming, industrial sewing, bamboo and rattan weaving, mother of pearl engraving and lacquer ware making. About 80 percent of those that took the courses have been employed or self-employed.
Vocational training for rural workers in Hanoi has received special attention from related authorities in recent years, with a focus on craft training at rural industrial facilities. To date, hundreds of these facilities across the city have received support to organize site training courses and employ those that have finished the courses. This year, the city’s industry promotion programs have offered 3,500 rural workers nearly 100 vocational training courses on wood-working, industrial sewing, bamboo and rattan weaving, mother of pearl engraving, lacquer ware making and embroidery.
The 35-trainee less-than-three-month vocational training model has been piloted at rural industrial facilities that were able to sell well their products. For example, hand embroidery courses have been offered for workers in Xuan Trach Village, Xuan Canh Commune, Dong Anh District, which has suffered from high unemployment. After taking the courses, all 35 trainees were able to embroider simple products. “These short-term vocational training courses have benefited related rural facilities and workers, increasing production and incomes. Moreover, this is regarded as a way to revive fading traditional crafts,” said Le Van Nguyen, owner of the Xuan Nguyen hand embroidery facility.
However, Hanoi has faced rural vocational training difficulties including differences in trainee education level, low trainer payments, low awareness of rural vocational training at local levels and ineffective use of local potential. So incentives are needed for better rural vocational training implementation, while local authorities should be encouraged to participate in rural vocational training programs.