14:16 | 29/08/2018 Society
(VEN) - According to the Hanoi Communist Party Committee, the regrouping of lands in the city’s districts and towns has created specialized agricultural production areas, contributing to the growth of farming value.
Ngo Thi Thanh Hang, Deputy Secretary of the committee, said Hanoi had identified land regrouping as a breakthrough in efforts to promote agricultural production, improve farmers’ lives and build new rural areas.
So far, Hanoi has fulfilled 104.2 percent of its land regrouping plan for 2018 and granted 616,704 regrouped land use right certificates, equivalent to 99.1 percent of the annual plan. Mechanization and the application of high technologies in agricultural production have been promoted. The city has paid great attention to developing and enhancing the efficiency of agricultural cooperatives and production teams. New cooperation models have been adopted, including four-party linkages between farmers, businesses, scientists and the state; and six-party linkages between farmers, the state, investors, banks, scientists and distributors.
Over more than two years, Hanoi’s agricultural production value grew an average 2.1 percent annually. In 2017, total production value of agriculture, forestry and fisheries exceeded VND35.13 trillion, up 4.44 percent compared with 2015. In cultivation, the city has promoted the conversion of ineffective rice fields into other high-value crop areas, such as fruit trees, vegetables, flowers and bonsais, helping increase farmer incomes by three to eight times compared with growing rice.
Currently, each commune in Hanoi meets an average 18 or all the 19 criteria required for new rural areas. The material and spiritual lives of Hanoi’s rural residents have improved. Incomes earned by rural residents have reached VND38 million per person per year, an increase of VND5 million compared with 2015. Healthcare for farmers has improved. In late 2017, health insurance users accounted for 86.06 percent of the city’s population, 3.26 percent above the annual plan.
Despite these developments, new rural construction in Hanoi still reveals many problems. Specifically, agricultural production mostly remains at a small scale and therefore is of low effectiveness, leading to low quality of farm produce. Crop and livestock restructuring is still slow. The city has yet to pay adequate attention to brand building, trade promotion and market development for agricultural and forest products. Most kinds of farm produce are sold in unprocessed forms and therefore are of low value and competitiveness. State support for agricultural production remains limited and insufficient to encourage businesses and farming households to invest in land accumulation and high technology in production. Incomes of farmers in remote and rural areas are still low.
To enhance the effectiveness of new rural construction, according to Ngo Thi Thanh Hang, Hanoi will increase the spread of public information about this policy among state officials, communist party members and the people. At the same time, new rural construction plans of communes will be checked so that necessary adjustments can be made based on the national set of criteria for new rural development, as well as on the socioeconomic development plans of districts and the entire city.
Hanoi has set the following targets for the agricultural sector by 2020: increasing farmer incomes to VND49 million per person per year; and providing stable jobs for over 95 percent of the sector’s workforce. Other goals include poverty reduction in rural areas to below 1.5 percent; providing training for 70-75 percent of total workforce; employment of up to 80 percent of graduates from vocational training courses; and access to clean water of 95 to 100 percent of rural residents.
Hanoi is striving to have at least 85 percent of its communes, and 10-12 districts and towns meeting the criteria set for
new rural areas. The infrastructure for socioeconomic development of rural areas will be upgraded.