12:40 | 31/07/2016 Society
(VEN) - The capital almost tops the country in livestock breeding delivering increased earnings, thanks to the successful application of equipment, machinery and technologies.
According to the Hanoi Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, the capital has some 170,000 cattle including 24,000 buffaloes, 15,000 milk cows and more than 130,000 beef cows; 1.5 million pigs and 25 million poultry. To date, breeding has accounted for 52.7 percent of Hanoi’s agricultural structure.
According to Deputy Director of the Hanoi Livestock Development Center Nguyen Ngoc Son, automated breeding systems coupled with new technologies have helped farmers control temperature and moisture in farms, which are important for animal growth.
Hundreds of pig-farming households have set up closed farms outside residential quarters while 70 percent of the 3,300 cow-breeding households have installed cooling systems to cope with summer heat, milking and milk-testing machines.
Some 80 percent of the 3,300 cow-breeding households have installed grass cutting machines and automated cow-feeding systems. Some household adopt total mixed ration (TMR) models to improve milk productivity and quality.
Some 70 percent of the 800 pig-farming and 2,000 poultry-raising households have installed automatic and semi-automatic troughs and feed mixers.
The majority of breeding households have installed pesticide sprayers and farm cleaners to save materials while improving disease prevention and economic efficiency.
Thanks to more automated breeding processes, the number of staff at farms has fallen from 10 workers to just 1-2. Every milking cycle that yielded more than four tonnes of milk in 2009 has now hit above five tonnes. More pig litters have been monitored every year.
The Hanoi People’s Committee issued Decision 1835/QD-UBND dated February 25, 2013 to approve the Hanoi Breeding Development Plan until 2020 with a Vision towards 2030. The implementation of the plan would involve the application of hi-tech breeding technologies initiated in 2015.
Through boosting the implementation of the approved breeding development plan, Hanoi will improve breeding in the coming time.