14:02 | 14/11/2013 Science - Technology
(VEN) - French Development Agency (AFD) in Vietnam Project Officer Nguyen Lan Anh said that France has supported the Vietnamese government to implement 30 projects in terms of managing water resources and ensuring environmental sanitation.
Water resources in the Mekong Delta provinces are getting polluted
Water is currently considered rare and vulnerable resource. In 2000, within the framework of the millennium development goals, 193 countries pledged to reduce by half the proportion of people without using clean water and sanitation services. Vietnam has made significant progress to achieve the millennium development goals. In 2010, 83 percent of rural population used clean water, an increase of 53 percent compared to 1990. However, Vietnam has still faced difficulties such as sea-level rise, clean water shortage and urban and industrial pollution, causing negative impacts on people’s living conditions.
Prior to the alarming situation of water resources in Vietnam, many international organizations have supported Vietnam in controlling water resources and ensuring environmental sanitation. In particular, France is regarded as one of leading countries in supporting for Vietnam.
AFD in Vietnam Project Officer Nguyen Lan Anh said that since 1997, with different financial cooperation tools (AFD and the French Treasury), France has supported the Vietnamese government to implement 30 projects in terms of managing water resources and ensuring environmental sanitation. In particular, 13 projects with a total capital of EUR270 million have contributed to distributing and better controlling water resources in the Mekong Delta, Dong Nai Province and the Red River Delta.
Support projects have created enormous social impacts. Strengthening management capacity of water resources and improving Bac Hung Hai irrigation system are seen as a typical project. This project allowed improving productivity of rice-growing areas in the Red River Delta. To implement the project, AFD granted a EUR20 million loan and a EUR0.8 million aid to construct and renovate pumping stations, contributing to improving water distribution. In addition, in the project, a research of climate change was also implemented.
AFD also granted a EUR40 million loan and a EUR1 million non-refundable aid to implement a rural development project, contributing to improving and developing basic infrastructure of 13 central provinces. In terms of coastal provinces, the project contributed to stabilizing dunes, developing seafood breeding and controlling salt-marsh.
In addition to projects to control water quality and improve people’s living conditions, AFD also funded a summer training course in 2009. In addition, a course in terms of water and related issues was organized in 2012./.
By Thanh Tam