15:08 | 04/09/2014 Science - Technology
(VEN) - The amended Environmental Protection Law was adopted by the National Assembly (NA) session and will take effect from January 1, 2015. This is considered an important legal framework for addressing the current deficiencies in environmental protection.
According to Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Bui Cach Tuyen, the new law overcame limitations and shortcomings of previous legislation, added some new content in terms of green growth, climate change and environmental security and harmonized regulations with the country’s international commitments.
The deputy minister also added that the amended law renewed environmental protection contents as well as specified details for environmental impact assessment reports, added regulations on environmental protection commitments and stipulated the powers and responsibilities of localities and departments in controlling water pollution in basins and rivers.
The new law stipulates that all agencies, organizations, households and inpiduals would be responsible for environmental protection. Organizations and inpiduals enjoying environmental benefits must fulfill their financial obligations. In addition, organizations and inpiduals causing environmental pollution would be held accountable to the law. The amended law also stipulates environmental protection conditions in craft villages and specifies responsibilities of municipal and provincial people’s committees in environmental protection.
The Environmental Protection Law 2014 adds waste management rules in the steps of classification, collection, storage, transport, re-use, recycling and disposal and specifies responsibilities of consumers, manufacturers and state management agencies in revoking and discharging expired products.
The amended law also focuses on environmental protection principles in harmony with socioeconomic development, social security, ensuring children’s rights, conservation and development and climate change adaptation.
The law also adds sanctions related to the environmental protection of islands and territorial waters. Item 1, Article 50, Chapter 5 specifies, “Waste from land to sea and arising from seas and islands must be statistical, classified and collected.” Item 2, Article 50, Chapter 5 stipulates, “Oil, drilling fluids, ballast water, chemicals and other toxic substances used in operations at seas and islands must be collected, stored, transported and handled based on waste management regulations.”
Environmental protection must be based on the rational use of resources in order to minimize waste. In addition, national environmental protection is associated with regional and global environmental protection and its activities must prevent pollution, degradation, environmental incidents.
In particular, leaders of agencies and organizations and public officials who abuse their positions and powers to obstruct environmental protection measures or who protect those who violate the Environmental Protection Law 2014 will be disciplined or made legally liable depending on the nature and seriousness of their violations./.
By Thu Huong