15:01 | 11/10/2013 Science - Technology
(VEN) - Vietnam has made great efforts to restore its forest ecosystem in order to ensure sustainable economic development and respond to climate change.
Can Gio Mangrove Forest
In recent years, Vietnam has seen a rapid decline in forest area from the coverage of nearly 70 percent in the early twentieth century to about 28 percent.
A rapid decline in forest area also means reducing the carbon sinks in tropical forests and increasing greenhouse gas emissions, contributing significantly to causing global climate change.
Vietnam needed to promote the restoration of forest ecosystems. Therefore, since 1995, many reforestation programs have been implemented. In the framework of the program on 661/5 million hectares of forests in the 1998-2010 period, 2.45 million hectares of forests were planted. In addition, the Vietnamese government also issued many important policies and legal documents such as Environmental Protection Law, Biopersity Law, Law on Forest Protection and Development and National Environmental Protection Strategy by 2020 with a vision to 2030.
The restoration of forest ecosystem in Ma Da (Dong Nai Province), restoring Can Gio Mangrove Forest and the restoration of environmental protection forests in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces are outstanding forest restoration projects in Vietnam.
The Vietnamese government with the support of the international community in recent years has implemented many projects on forest restoration and management. One of the most outstanding projects was the project entitled “Demonstration of capacity building of forest restoration and sustainable forest management in Vietnam” sponsored by the APFNet. The project ran from September 2010 to December 2012. The project not only applied the best technology in forest restoration and sustainable forest management but also piloted forest restoration and management in two ethnic minorities in two districts of Phu Tho Province. As a result, 100 hectares of forests were enriched by planting six species of non-timber forest products and five species of native trees. These species promise to bring greater economic value.
Together with these efforts, as of 2012, total forest area of Vietnam stood at over 13.8 million of hectares with the coverage of 40.7 percent. Vietnam aims to raise forest coverage to 47 percent by 2020.
Many reforestation programs have only met basic functions of forests, contributing to creating products to improve people's living conditions. These programs have not played an important role in climate regulation in general as well as minimizing the damaging effects of floods and landslides in particular.
To further promote forest development and protection, rational use of natural resources, biopersity conservation and climate change adaptation, Vo Thanh Son from the Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES) said that in the near future, the government should deploy reforestation programs to increase the coverage and encourage the implementation of forest restoration. In particular, promoting the conservation of the national park system is needed./.
By Thanh Tam