11:02 | 25/08/2014 Trade
(VEN) - Vietnam’s young scientists should be encouraged to participate in scientific research and development activities.
Specific support mechanisms will inspire young scientists
According to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Vietnam has about 4.2 million graduates from colleges, universities or higher, with the 20-29 year-old group accounting for 34.58 percent and the 30-39 year-old group accounting for 28.25 percent. They are considered national science and technology human potential and should be encouraged to dedicate to the national scientific development.
According to Minister of Science and Technology Nguyen Quan, Vietnam always aims at fair and equal treatment for qualified and capable scientists regardless of their ages and sex.
The Law on Science and Technology was implemented in 2000 and followed by a scientist selection policy with the intention of picking out scientists capable of doing proposed scientific tasks. “All scientists had the same opportunity to access scientific funding for scientific research,” said Nguyen Quan.
In particular, the amended Law on Science and Technology effective in 2014 states that young scientists belongs to one of the three groups apt to preferential treatment. Young scientists under 35 years old without academic titles, having received international awards and patents will be supported in developing their research results until the final products from the state budget.
The MOST also has incentives for young scientists and reserved specific scientific tasks for them, especially those who wanted to realize their ideas for commercialization.
According to the National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED), the percentage of scientists under 35 years old able to chair basic research subjects accounts for more than 35 percent of the country’s total number of scientists. The NAFOSTED aims to increase this percentage by 15 percent on annual basis.
According to Prof. Dr. Phung Ho Hai, Deputy Director of the Vietnam Institute of Mathematics, Vietnam should have more incentives for young scientists and should not focus just on outstanding young scientists. For example, there should be scholarships for young scientists who want to become post-doctoral students.
Prof. Ngo Trung Viet, former Director of the Vietnam Institute of Mathematics said “We have made housing policy for students and workers and should apply this policy to young scientists too, along with other incentives such as bonuses.”
According to Prof Tan Eng Chye, Deputy Director of the National University of Singapore (NUS), there are three main methods to inspire young scientists, including a senior experienced researcher to support a junior young researcher; providing young researchers access to international seminars and field trips; offering young researchers opportunities to participate in short-term studies abroad and research exchanges./.
By Quynh Nga