09:41 | 14/02/2017 Economy- Society
(VEN) - According to the master plan for Hanoi’s socio-economic development by 2030, with a vision to 2050, the capital will develop based on a model of urban clusters, with one central urban area and five satellite towns connected to it by a belt-transport system.
The central urban area will be expanded from the city center in four directions, including the enlarged areas to Belt Road 4 in the west and south, to Me Linh and Dong Anh districts in the north, and to Gia Lam and Long Bien districts in the east.
The central urban area and five satellite towns will be separated by green corridors, which will account for 70 percent of the city’s natural areas. The five satellite towns - Hoa Lac, Son Tay, Xuan Mai, Phu Xuyen and Soc Son – will each have different functions and characteristics.
Their goal will be to support and share demand with the central urban area in terms of housing, training, industry and services. They will contribute significantly to reducing population pressure on the capital and creating a driving force for socio-economic development.
Over the past five years, the Hanoi People’s Committee has developed the master plan as well as the detailed planning of the satellite towns, with significant initial results. Former Deputy Chairman of the Hanoi People’s Council Le Van Hoat said that a policy of restricting development in the inner city will create a propulsive force to move industrial manufacturing bases to satellite towns. According to the master plan, the inner city will accommodate from 950,000 to one million people by 2030, and will focus on upgrading its technical infrastructure and improving people’s living conditions.
The development of satellite towns is seen as a sustainable solution for easing the burden on the city in terms of population pressure, traffic congestion and infrastructure shortage. However, it will pose big challenges in terms of raising investment capital from domestic and foreign funds, population distribution and accommodation for workers.
The head of the Hanoi Institute of Construction Planning, Nguyen Truc Anh, said that Hanoi needs to attract resources for the development of satellite towns. Creating incentives for people to move out of the inner city to satellite towns is also key. Experts said that resources for the development of satellite towns can be obtained from land as it will become redundant after manufacturing bases, educational centers, health facilities and residential areas move away from the inner city. In particular, Hanoi must develop a viable public transportation system to link the central urban area and satellite towns. Moreover, green corridors must be used as a barrier system to separate the central urban area from satellite towns.
Institute of Construction and Urban Economics Director Pham Sy Liem said that satellite towns must provide full services to inhabitants to ensure better living conditions and promote socio-economic development.
Hanoi Architectural University Assistant Principal Nguyen To Lang said that the construction and development of satellite towns must be comprehensive, from technical infrastructure to housing. In addition, developing transport infrastructure to connect the central urban area and five satellite towns is also required.
Together with a priority for investment in satellite towns, Hanoi should also strengthen management, conservation and restoration of the Old Quarter and improve old apartments in the inner city. In addition, the master plan also aims at ensuring order and discipline in the management of urban construction, improving the quality of urban services, resolving pressing problems for people and protecting the environment.
The construction and development of satellite towns are seen as a matter of urgency. They require a comprehensive plan and appropriate and attractive mechanisms and policies. To achieve this goal, a consensus is needed among residents and authorities at all levels.
About 138 industrial clusters are expected to be available in satellite towns. The Hoa Lac and Soc Son satellite towns will
allocate about 200 hectares and 100 hectares for health facilities, and 1,100-1,200 hectares and 600-650 hectares for
education centers, respectively. Education centers in satellite towns will contribute to reducing the burden on the city.