16:30 | 15/04/2015 Science - Technology
(VEN) - After a decade of implementing Decision 115/2005/ND-CP providing autonomy in scientific research to public science and technology organizations, initial successes have been recorded as some of these organizations have consolidated their brand names in the market.
Successes from autonomy in scientific research
According to the Ministry of Science and Technology, 76 percent or 488 out of 642 public science and technology organizations have been granted autonomy in scientific research over the past decade. Of which, 295 organizations have to fund their regular activities themselves while 193 others have had their regular activities financed by the state budget.
Organizations have benefited from autonomy have contributed considerably to national socioeconomic development. For example, research institutes under the Ministry of Industry and Trade including the Vietnam Petroleum Institute and Industrial Machinery and Instruments Holding have received more funding from the state budget and have carried out more profitable scientific research and applications, said Minister of Science and Technology Nguyen Quan.
Moves towards greater autonomy
The policy to grant greater autonomy is provided for public science and technology organizations with the intention of removing shortcomings as a result of previous subsidy mechanism while creating a dynamic for scientific development based on private investment. According to this mechanism which has been widely applied worldwide, the state budget will fund science and technology organizations by scientific orders instead of by the number of registered staff.
The government provided public science and technology organizations with general provisions on autonomy for the implementation of scientific tasks as far back as 2005 and the change was expected to be completed by 2009. However, a quarter of all public science and technology organizations in the country have failed to meet this requirement due to various reasons including lack of capacity and funding issues.
At a recent national meeting on autonomy for public science and technology organizations, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam insisted that ministries and local departments should be more severe in the adoption of autonomous activity by their affiliates. In particular, 154 organizations that had currently failed to move to the autonomous model would face dissolution or mergers.
According to Minister of Science and Technology Nguyen Quan, the government should have appropriate policies in favor of public science and technology organizations to be placed under dissolution or merger orders. For example, incentives to encourage early retirement and the transfer of staff to other science and technology organizations. The government should ensure employment for workers in the science and technology sectors despite the switch to autonomy so that they may continue to contribute to the national socioeconomic development.
BY Quynh Nga