08:02 | 03/12/2013 Science - Technology
(VEN) - Long droughts damaged 300ha of 2012 summer-autumn rice in A Luoi District, Thua Thien Hue Province. The very cold weather as a result of climate change destroyed the subsequent winter-spring rice crop having a traumatic affect in the mountain poor district.
Farming is a mainstay in A Luoi
A Luoi used to be a revolutionary base during the American War. The aftermath of the war left many forests destroyed by Agent Orange, which has remained in soil and water and caused vast hills to become bare. This has seriously affected socioeconomic development in A Luoi.
Apart from that, climate change has caused increasing floods and droughts seriously affecting production in the district.
Statistics from the Hue University of Sciences’ Department of Social Science showed that more than 50 percent of the population in A Luoi’s four communes of Huong Nguyen, Hong Ha, Hong Van and Hong Trung remained short of food for two to three months per year. Food insecurity has increased as a result of increasing natural calamities, droughts, whirlwinds and landslides, which have together damaged the land and threatened biopersity, people’s livelihoods and community sustainable development.
Diversifying ways to cope with climate change
Farming is a mainstay in A Luoi. However, climate change has greatly affected the district. To cope with it, farmers in the district have sought new livelihoods to adapt to current circumstances such as working for businesses and planting forests and cassava for meals and exchange to rice. By combining farming and non-farming business, many people have earned a living and have stopped destroying forests.
Apart from persifying livelihoods, many families in A Luoi have participated in the rubber planting program following the district’s agricultural persification plan. Better off families have applied the government’s development strategy by investing in rubber trees and expanding the rubber growing area, while poor people have farmed dry rice together with cassava, bananas and vegetables. In doing so, people in the area have reduced hunger and poverty and helped protect the district’s natural resources.
Climate change adaptation solutions have remained insufficient. To achieve sustainable development, and mitigate climate change, the local community in A Luoi needs support from the state and the whole society./.